24 Famous Natural Landmarks in Indonesia

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia

Indonesia is a country rich in natural beauty. However, countless famous natural landmarks in Indonesia are worth exploring. From the rice terraces of Bali to the waterfalls of Java, Indonesia’s natural wonders are diverse and awe-inspiring.

24 Best Famous Natural Landmarks in Indonesia

Indonesia is a country that is rich in natural wonders and diverse landscapes. For example, there is many natural landmarks in Indonesia, from pristine beaches to dense rainforests, majestic mountains, and enchanting lakes.

Therefore, you must visit all the beautiful landmarks that exist in Indonesia. Instead of visiting Jakarta landmarks, you can prepare yourself to see the famous natural landmarks that spread in each region in Indonesia.

Sumatra

Sumatra is one of the largest islands in Indonesia and is known for its stunning natural landscapes. For example, it includes pristine beaches, dense jungles, and towering mountains. Furthermore, Sumatra offers a range of exciting activities and destinations to explore.

1. Lake Toba

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Lake Toba (source: Unsplash)

Lake Toba is one among many Sumatra’s most famous natural landmarks in Indonesia and is the largest volcanic lake in the world. Meanwhile, the lake is surrounded by lush green forests and towering mountains, making it an ideal destination for hiking and trekking.

Visitors can also explore the lake itself by taking a boat tour or renting a kayak or canoe. Moreover, the lake is home to several small islands. Samosir Island which is known for its traditional Batak culture and architecture.

2. Mount Kerinci

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Mount Kerinci (source: jambiprov.go.id)

Mount Kerinci is the highest volcano in Indonesia, standing at 3,805 meters tall. This famous natural landmark in Indonesia is located in Kerinci Seblat National Park, which is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including the endangered Sumatran tiger.

However, climbing Mount Kerinci is a popular adventure activity for experienced hikers, offering breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. To see a better picture, mark the date between April to September to visit Mount Kerinci to avoid the unstable weather.

3. Bukit Lawang

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Bukit Lawang, where the Orangutan lives. (source: Unsplash)

Sumatra is not only famous for its popular food in Indonesia. Bukit Lawang is a small village for its orangutan rehabilitation center. It closests to the edge of Gunung Leuser National Park.

Furthermore, visitors can observe these incredible creatures in their natural habitat.

Furthermore, Bukit Lawang is also a popular starting point for jungle treks, which can range from one day to several days in length. During these treks, visitors can explore the dense jungle, spot wildlife, and swim in natural pools and waterfalls.

4. Sipiso-piso Waterfall

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Spiso Piso Waterfall (source: Google Maps)

The following famous natural landmark in Indonesia is Sipiso-piso Waterfall. It is one of the tallest waterfalls in Indonesia, with a height of over 120 meters. Besides, the waterfall is located in the north of Sumatra, near the town of Berastagi.

Visitors can reach the waterfall by taking a short hike through the forest and descending a steep staircase. Meanwhile, the surrounding area is also known for its coffee plantations, so that the visitors can enjoy a fresh cup of local coffee while taking in stunning views.

Java

Java, the most populous island in Indonesia, boasts of a plethora of natural wonders that have become popular tourist attractions over the years. With its diverse landscapes, it’s no surprise that Java is a favorite destination for adventure seekers and nature lovers.

Furthermore, ranging from towering volcanoes, lush forests, pristine beaches, and tranquil lakes, Java is the best Indonesia landmark vector.

5. Kawah Ijen (Ijen Crater)

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Ijen Crater or Kawah Ijen (source: Google Maps)

Kawah Ijen is a stunning crater lake located in Banyuwangi, East Java, and is one of the most unique natural landmarks in Java. Also, the lake is famous for its mesmerizing turquoise color, which is caused by the high levels of sulfuric acid present in its waters.

Thus, visitors can trek to the crater’s rim and witness the eternal blue flames that emanate from the lake, making it a popular attraction for nature lovers and photographers.

When hydrogen sulfide gas (H2S) is released from the Ijen Crater, it creates a really hot blue flame. People started calling it the “blue flame of the Ijen crater.” You can think of it like the blue flames on a gas stove.

This crater is one of the most visited and famous natural landmarks in Indonesia.

6. Dieng Plateau

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Telaga Warna Dieng, in Dieng Plateau. (source: diengplateau.com)

Located in Central Java, Dieng Plateau is a natural wonder that is often overlooked by visitors. Meanwhile, it is a volcanic plateau that stands at an altitude of 2,000 meters above sea level and is famous for its surreal landscapes and geothermal activity.

In the same way, visitors can explore the area’s numerous volcanic craters, hot springs, and stunning temples, including the Arjuna Temple complex.

7. Green Canyon or Cukang Taneuh Pangandaran

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Green Canyon or Cukang Taneuh Pangandaran. (source: Google Maps)

Green Canyon, also known as Cukang Taneuh Pangandaran. This famous natural landmarks in Indonesia is a beautiful gorge located in West Java, which is a hidden gem that is worth exploring. Moreover, the canyon is surrounded by towering cliffs and lush vegetation.

Additionally, visitors can take a boat ride along the Cijulang River to explore its natural wonders. Besides, the highlight of the trip is a swim through the emerald-green waters of the canyon’s natural pool, which is an experience that you’ll never forget.

8. Mount Merbabu

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Mount Merbabu in Central Java. (source: Google Maps)

Mount Merbabu is a dormant volcano famous landmarks located in Central Java. Furthermore, the mount is a popular destination for hiking enthusiasts. Standing at 3,145 meters above sea level, it offers breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape.

For instance, Mount Merapi, which is another active volcano in the area. Thus, visitors can choose from several hiking trails, with varying degrees of difficulty, and can also camp overnight on the mountain to witness the sunrise.

Bali and Nusa Tenggara

Bali and Nusa Tenggara are two beautiful regions in Indonesia known for their stunning beaches, crystal clear waters, and unique cultures. But aside from its white sand beaches, these regions are also home to several natural landmarks worth exploring for adventure seekers.

9. Mount Rinjani, Lombok Island

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Mount Rinjani in Lombok Island. (source: Google Maps)

Mount Rinjani is the second-highest volcano in Indonesia and is located on the island of Lombok. Similarly to others famous natural landmarks in Indonesia, the mount is a popular destination for adventure seekers who are looking for a challenging hike.

The trek to the summit of Mount Rinjani takes around two to four days, and along the way. Any visitors will be treated to breathtaking views. For example, Crater Lake, hot springs, and scenic landscapes.

10. Komodo National Park, Flores Island

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Komodo National Park. (KomodoLuxury docs)

The Komodo National Park has been acknowledged as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Furthermore, these famous natural landmarks in Indonesia are suitable for adventure seekers. It is the best place to see the famous Komodo dragons up close.

The park is also home to several beautiful islands. For example, it includes Rinca Island, Padar Island, and Komodo Island, which offer stunning beaches, crystal clear waters, and abundant marine life. Moreover, snorkeling and diving are popular activities here.

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11. Pink Beach, Padar Island

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Pink Beach (source: KomodoLuxury docs)

Pink Beach is one of the most beautiful beaches in Indonesia, located on Padar Island near the Komodo Island. There’s also another Pink Beach in Komodo Island itself.

Nevertheless, the beach gets its name from the unique pink sand, which is caused by the red coral fragments mixed with the white sand.

One of the features in Indonesian is functioning in all possible opportunities. So that the beach becomes a popular destination for snorkeling and diving. The Indonesian utilize the sea as one of landmarks that show a wide variety of marine life.

12. Rice Terarces, Bali Island

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Rice Terrace in Tegalalang, Bali. (source: Google Maps)

The most famous rice terraces in Bali are located in Tegallalang, a village in the Ubud region. At the same time, the terraces are built on a steep slope, and the intricate system of irrigation channels allows water to flow down from the top of the terraces to the bottom.

However, the terraces are like giant steps that descend from the top of the hills to the valleys below, and they are an impressive sight to behold. Thus, the green fields of rice, with their varying heights and shapes, create a stunning patchwork of colors that delight a photographer.

Kalimantan

Kalimantan is the third-largest island in the world, with an area of 743,330 square kilometers. It is divided into four Indonesian provinces: North Kalimantan, East Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, and West Kalimantan.

In contrast, Kalimantan is home to various natural landmarks that attract adventure seekers worldwide.

13. Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Orangutan is being released to the wild life in Taman Nasional Bukit Baka Bukit Raya by the Borneo Orangutan Survival Foundation. (source: orangutan.or.id)

Bukit Baka Bukit Raya National Park is one of the famous landmarks in Indonesia. It is located in West Kalimantan and is known for its rugged terrain, dense forests, and diverse wildlife.

However, the park is home to the highest peak in Kalimantan, Mount Bukit Raya, which stands at 2,278 meters (7,474 feet) tall.

Hiking to the summit is a challenging but rewarding adventure. Moreover, the mount offers stunning views of the surrounding landscape. The park is also home to a variety of flora and fauna, including the endangered Bornean orangutan, clouded leopard, and hornbill.

14. Derawan Island

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Whale Shark in around the sea of Derawan Island. (source: KomodoLuxury docs)

Derawan Island is located off the coast of East Kalimantan and is part of the Derawan Islands archipelago. The island is home to a diverse marine ecosystem, including sea turtles, manta rays, and whale sharks. So, it is not part of Indonesia’s man made landmarks, it’s natural.

However, the waters surrounding Derawan Island are crystal clear, making it an excellent spot for snorkeling and diving. Thus, visitors can also relax on the island’s pristine beaches and enjoy the island’s laid-back atmosphere. The Most famous natural landmarks in Indonesia!

15. Tanjung Puting National Park

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Orangutan in Tanjung Puting National Park (source: Google Maps)

Tanjung Puting National Park is located in Central Kalimantan and is home to one of the largest populations of orangutans in the world. Additionally, the park covers an area of 4,150 square kilometers and is a popular destination for ecotourism.

Furthermore, visitors can take a boat tour through the park’s rivers and observe the orangutans in their natural habitat. Therefore, the park is also home to other wildlife, including proboscis monkeys, gibbons, and pythons.

16. Mahakam River

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Mahakam River (source: georggerster.com)

The Mahakam River is the largest river in East Kalimantan that became one among many famous natural landmarks in Indonesia. Also, it is a popular destination for river cruises.

The river flows through dense rainforests and passes by traditional Dayak villages, providing visitors with a glimpse into the local culture. So that the river cruise is a peaceful and relaxing way to explore Kalimantan’s natural beauty.

Sulawesi

Sulawesi, one of the largest islands in Indonesia, is home to an abundance of natural wonders that attract adventure-seekers from all around the world. From pristine beaches to towering mountains, Sulawesi’s diverse landscape that becomes one of famous natural landmarks in Indonesia.

17. Tana Toraja

Tana Toraja, located in South Sulawesi, is one of the most popular destinations for tourists visiting Sulawesi. However, the region is famous for its unique culture, but it is also home to some of the most stunning landscapes in the country.

Nevertheless, the lush green valleys and towering mountains create a breathtaking backdrop for outdoor adventures. Meanwhile, visitors can hike through the rice paddies and visit traditional villages to learn about the local way of life and the famous Torajan funeral rituals.

18. Wakatobi National Park

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Wakatobi National Park (source: Google Maps)

Wakatobi National Park is located in Southeast Sulawesi and is considered one of the best diving spots in the world. Furthermore, the park becomes the famous natural landmarks in Indonesia and a home to an incredible variety of marine life.

It includes over 750 species of coral and 942 species of fish. Despite, the divers also can explore the colorful reefs and swim alongside sea turtles, manta rays, and other exotic sea creatures.

19. Tanjung Bira Beach

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Tanjung Bira Beach (source: Google Maps)

Tanjung Bira Beach that nears in South Sulawesi is known for its crystal-clear waters and white sand beaches. Less Indonesia famous people expose this beautiful landmark. However, this beach is a popular destination for some adventure activities.

For instance, snorkeling and diving. As a result, the visitors can explore the underwater world and see colorful coral and fish species. Besides, the beach is also a great place to relax and soak up the sun, with plenty of beachside restaurants serving fresh seafood and cold drinks.

20. Togean Islands

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Togean Island (source: Google Maps)

The Togean Islands, located in Central Sulawesi, are a group of stunning islands known for their crystal-clear waters and vibrant coral reefs. That is why this islands become one of famous natural landmarks in Indonesia.

Moreover, the islands are a popular destination for snorkeling and diving. It is where visitors can explore the underwater world and see an incredible variety of marine life, including sea turtles, manta rays, and sharks.

Meanwhile, the islands are also a great place to relax and enjoy the tropical scenery, with plenty of hammocks and beachside bungalows available for rent.

Papua

Papua, located in the easternmost part of Indonesia, is known for its stunning natural beauty and biodiversity. This region boasts some of the most breathtaking natural landmarks in the world, making it a top destination for adventure and nature lovers.

From the towering mountains to the pristine beaches, Papua has something for everyone. In fact, Papua has many famous natural landmarks in Indonesia.

21. Raja Ampat Islands

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
View from Wayag in Raja Ampat (source: KomodoLuxury docs.)

The West Papua province’s Raja Ampat archipelago comprises islands renowned for their unspoiled shorelines, transparent seas, and rich aquatic ecosystem. Also, this area boasts more than 1,500 fish species and 600 coral varieties, rendering it one of the earth’s most diverse underwater habitats.

However, visitors can go snorkeling, diving, or simply relax on the beach and soak up the sun. The best time to visit Raja Ampat Islands is between October and April when the waters are calm.

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22. Lorentz National Park

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Lorentz National Park (source: Google Maps)

Situated in the southern region of Papua, Lorentz National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage destination. Additionally, the park is spanning more than 2.3 million hectares of unspoiled rainforests, mountains, and savannas.

This park harbors some of the planet’s scarcest and most imperiled creatures. For example, the tree kangaroo, the giant cassowary bird, and the New Guinea crocodile. That is way the park becomes one of famous natural landmarks in Indonesia.

So that tourists can immerse themselves in the park’s vast wilderness via activities such as hiking, trekking, and bird watching.

23. Cyclops Mountains

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Cyclops Mountains (source: Google Maps)

The Cyclops Mountains, located in the western part of Papua, have eroded over millions of years, forming a series of limestone karst formations. Additionally, these mountains possess unique geological features, such as sinkholes, underground rivers, and cave systems.

Moreover, visitors can go caving and explore the region’s stunning underground landscapes, which are home to unique species of bats and insects. This destination will be the best choice to spent the vacation!

24. Lake Sentani

Famous natural landmarks in Indonesia
Lake Sentani

Lake Sentani, located near Papua’s provincial capital of Jayapura, is a stunning natural landmark. The lake is ensconced by verdant woods and towering peaks.

However, the lake is famous for its vibrant birdlife, including the endemic black-capped lory and the king bird-of-paradise. Thus, visitors can go bird watching, kayaking, or simply relax and enjoy the stunning views.

Hence, famous natural landmarks in Indonesia are are indeed a sight to behold. From the rice terraces of Bali to the waterfalls of Java, Indonesia is a country that is rich in natural beauty. If you are planning a trip to Indonesia, be sure to take the time to explore some of these famous natural landmarks.

Read more: Flores Island Travel Guide: Exploration from The West to The East Part

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